The U.S. beef cow herd reached its lowest degree in a long time this summer time as extended drought circumstances in main cattle producing areas led producers to aggressively cull their herds. The sharp discount in beef cow numbers will tighten provides for years to return, whereas shopper demand for beef has remained remarkably constant regardless of elevated retail costs.
The contracting beef herd has led to increased dairy bull calf costs and will compel extra dairy producers to leverage beef breed genetics of their replica packages and seize a further income stream within the course of, in response to a brand new report from CoBank’s Information Change.
“We anticipate the adoption of beef genetics in dairy breeding packages will speed up as producers capitalize on the chance for improved margins, notably given the discount in beef calf availability,” mentioned Brian Earnest, lead animal protein economist for CoBank. “And whereas the impression on the general beef provide will probably be comparatively small, a rise in beef and dairy crossbred calves getting into the meat provide chain is one thing cattle feeders and packers will need to regulate.”
The observe of leveraging beef genetics in dairy reproductive packages, generally known as “beef on dairy” inside the trade, has steadily elevated in recent times. On common, day-old beef and dairy crossbred calves getting into the meat provide chain promote for $100-$300 greater than their 100% dairy-bred counterparts.
Elevated adoption of beef on dairy crossbreeding will primarily profit dairy producers, however different sectors of the meat provide chain stand to learn as properly. Animal genetics firms that present beef semen for synthetic insemination of dairy cows can anticipate continued gross sales progress.
In keeping with the Nationwide Affiliation of Animal Breeders’ Semen Gross sales Report, U.S. beef semen gross sales from 2017 to 2022 elevated at a charge almost equal to the speed that U.S. dairy semen gross sales decreased. The info suggests rising beef semen gross sales are largely attributable to elevated purchases by dairy operators.
Elevated feed effectivity
The advantages from beef on dairy crossbreeding develop into extra advanced as calves enter the feedlot. Cattle feeders which are presently set as much as deal with 100% dairy cattle may even see elevated feed efficiencies for crossbred calves and would probably be extra prepared to pay the premium value for beef on dairy genetics.
Business consultants counsel feed effectivity features in beef and dairy crossbred calves might be extremely variable. A College of Wisconsin extension report notes that’s the reason some feedlots are taking a direct strategy with dairies to amass extra constant crossbred calves by providing buy packages for beef on dairy calves. These packages usually require dairy producers use genetics chosen or offered by the feedlot, in addition to observe particular animal well being protocols.
The funding in these feedlot packages can in the end repay. Knowledge from the USDA’s Cattle Contracts library reveals beef on dairy cattle are price more and more extra at harvest in comparison with straight-bred dairy cattle. And along with dealing with fewer reductions than straight-bred dairy cattle, crossbred cattle can garner a mean premium of $5.44/cwt. in the event that they meet the ten necessities for Licensed Angus Beef.
Like feedlots, packers already processing dairy cattle or decrease high quality 100% beef cattle will see a profit in processing beef and dairy crossbreds, which typically have a greater dressing share. Nonetheless, for packers that course of high-quality, 100% beef cattle, the advantages are much less clear. Customary grading mechanisms will not be sufficiently refined to correctly worth beef on dairy cattle.
The complete report might be accessed here.